Related publications

In addition to the book, there are several related, peer-reviewed papers that developed the thermodynamic theory of the Earth system.  The following list contains a selection of these papers with links to the journal webpages.

Major papers:

A Kleidon (2004) Beyond Gaia: Thermodynamics of life and Earth system functioning. Climatic Change, 66, 271-319.

A Kleidon, R Lorenz (eds.) (2005) Non-Equilibrium Thermodynamics and the Production of Entropy: Life, Earth, and Beyond, Springer Verlag, Berlin.

 A Kleidon (2009) Nonequilibrium thermodynamics and maximum entropy production in the Earth system: Applications and implications, Naturwissenschaften, 96: 653-677.

A Kleidon (2010) Non-equilibrium thermodynamics, maximum entropy production and Earth-system evolution, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A, 368: 181-196.

A Kleidon, Y Malhi, and PM Cox (2010) Maximum entropy production in environmental and ecological systems, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, 365, 1297-1302.

A Kleidon, 2010. Life, hierarchy, and the thermodynamic machinery of planet Earth, Physics of Life Reviews, 7, 424-460.

A. Kleidon (2012) How does the earth system generate and maintain thermodynamic disequilibrium and what does it imply for the future of the planet?, Phil Trans A, 370: 1012-1040.

Supplementary papers:

A Kleidon (2002) Testing the effect of life on Earth’s functioning: How Gaian is the Earth system? Climatic Change, 52, 383-389.

A Kleidon, K Fraedrich, T Kunz, F Lunkeit (2003) The atmospheric circulation and states of maximum entropy production. Geophys. Res. Lett., 30, 2223.

A Kleidon, R Lorenz (2005) Entropy production by Earth system processes. in: Non-Equilibrium Thermodynamics and the Production of Entropy: Life, Earth, and Beyond, A Kleidon, R Lorenz (eds.), Springer Verlag, Berlin, 1-20.

T Ito, A Kleidon, (2005) Entropy production of atmospheric heat transport. in: Non-Equilibrium Thermodynamics and the Production of Entropy: Life, Earth, and Beyond, A Kleidon, R Lorenz (eds.), Springer Verlag, Berlin, 93-106.

A Kleidon, K Fraedrich (2005) Biotic entropy production and global atmosphere-biosphere interactions. in: Non-Equilibrium Thermodynamics and the Production of Entropy: Life, Earth, and Beyond, A Kleidon, R Lorenz (eds.), Springer Verlag, Berlin, 173-189.

A Kleidon, K Fraedrich, E Kirk and F Lunkeit (2006) Maximum entropy production and the strength of boundary layer exchange in an atmospheric general circulation model. Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L06706.

A Kleidon (2006) The climate sensitivity to human appropriation of vegetation productivity and its thermodynamic characterization. Global and Planetary Change, 54, 109-127.

A Kleidon (2007) Thermodynamics and environmental constraints make the biosphere predictable — a response to Volk. Climatic Change, 85, 259-266.

A Kleidon, SJ Schymanski (2008) Thermodynamics and optimality of the water budget on land: A review. Geophys. Res. Lett, 35, L20404.

A Kleidon, S Schymanski, M Stieglitz (2009) Thermodynamics, irreversibility and optimality in land surface hydrology. In: K Strelcová et al. (eds.), Bioclimatology and Natural Hazards, 107-118.

A Kleidon (2009) Maximum entropy production and general trends in biospheric evolution, Paleontological Journal, 43: 130-135.

A Kleidon (2009) Climatic constraints on maximum levels of human metabolic activity and their relation to human evolution and global change, Climatic Change, 95: 405-431.

SJ Schymanski, A Kleidon, M Stieglitz, and J Narula (2010) Maximum entropy production allows a simple representation of heterogeneity in semiarid ecosystems, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, 365, 1449-1455.

J Dyke, A Kleidon (2010) The Maximum Entropy Production Principle: Its Theoretical Foundations and Applications to the Earth System, Entropy, 12, 613-630.

A Kleidon (2010) A basic introduction to the thermodynamics of the Earth system far from equilibrium and maximum entropy production, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, 365, 1303-1315.

 A Kleidon, 2010. Life as the major driver of planetary geochemical disequilibrium. Reply to comments on “Life, hierarchy, and the thermodynamic machinery of planet Earth”, Physics of Life Reviews, 7, 473-476.

L M Miller, F Gans, A Kleidon (2011) Estimating maximum global land surface wind power extractability and associated climatic consequences, Earth Syst. Dynam., 2. 1-12.

 J G Dyke, F Gans, A Kleidon (2011) Towards understanding how surface life can affect interior geological processes: a non-equilibrium thermodynamics approach, Earth Syst. Dynam., 2, 139-160.

 L Miller, F Gans, A Kleidon (2011) Jet stream wind power as a renewable energy resource: little power, big impacts, Earth Syst. Dynam., 2, 201-212.

Porada, P., Kleidon, A., Schymanski, S. J. (2011) Entropy production of soil hydrological processes and its maximisation, Earth Syst. Dynam., 2, 179-190.

Brunsell, N. A., Schymanski, S. J., Kleidon, A. (2011) Quantifying the thermodynamic entropy budget of the land surface: is this useful?, Earth Syst. Dynam., 2, 87-103.

E. Simoncini, M.J. Russell, A. Kleidon (2011) Modeling free energy availability from Hadean Hydrothermal Systems to the first metabolism Orig. Life and Evol. Biosph., 41, 529-532.

F Gans, L M Miller, A Kleidon (2012) The problem of the second wind turbine – a note on a common but flawed wind power estimation method, Earth Syst. Dynam., 3, 79-86.

A Kleidon, E Zehe, H Lin (2012) Thermodynamics of the Critical Zone and its relevance to hydropedology. in: H Lin (ed) Hydropedology: Synergistic Integration of Soil Science and Hydrology, Academic Press, Elsevier, 243-281.

 A Kleidon, E Zehe, U Ehret, U Scherer (2013) Thermodynamics, maximum power, and the dynamics of preferential river flow structures on continents. Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 17, 225-251.

A Kleidon, M Renner (2013) A simple explanation for the sensitivity of the hydrologic cycle to surface temperature and solar radiation and its implications for global climate change, Earth Syst. Dynam., 4, 455-465.

E Zehe, T Blume, A Kleidon, U Ehret, U Scherer, M Westhoff (2013) A thermodynamic approach to link self-organization, preferential flow and rainfall–runoff behaviourHydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 17, 4297-4322.

E Simoncini, N Virgo, A Kleidon (2013) Quantifying drivers of chemical disequilibrium in the Earth’s atmosphere, Earth Syst. Dynam., 4, 317-331.

A Kleidon, M Renner (2013) Thermodynamic limits of hydrologic cycling within the Earth system: concepts, estimates and implications, Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci.,17, 2873-2892.

A Kleidon (2013) Understanding life from a thermodynamic Earth system perspective, in: M Pilotelli and G P Beretta (eds.) Proceedings of the 12th Joint European Thermodynamics Conference, Brescia, Italy, 61-66.

A Kleidon, E Zehe, U Ehret, U Scherer (2014) Earth system dynamics as the consequence of the second law: Maximum power limits, dissipative structures, and planetary interactions. in: R C Dewar, C Lineweaver, R Niven, K Regenauer-Lieb (eds) Beyond the second law: entropy production and non-equilibrium systems, Springer Verlag, Berlin, 163-183.

A Kleidon, M Renner, and P Porada, (2014) Estimates of the climatological land surface energy and water balance derived from maximum convective power, Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 18, 2201-2218.

A Kleidon, B Kravitz, M Renner (2015) The hydrological sensitivity to global warming and solar geoengineering derived from thermodynamic constraints, Geophys. Res. Lett., 42, 138-144. (supplementary online material).

A Kleidon, L Miller, F Gans (in press) Physical limits of solar energy conversion in the Earth system, Topics in Current Chemistry.


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